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Public Information Statement

Statement as of 6:33 AM MDT on October 23, 2014

... Extreme wind chill... potentially life-threatening and often

The combination of wind and low temperature in winter can be deadly.
The wind chill index helps you determine when dangerous conditions
develop that could lead to frostbite or hypothermia. It takes into
account heat loss from the human body to its surroundings during
cold and windy weather. The calculation utilizes wind speed in
miles per hour and temperature in degrees fahrenheit. For
example... a temperature of minus 5 degrees occurring with a 20 mph
wind gives a wind chill near minus 30 degrees. This means that your
body will lose heat at the same rate as it would if the air
temperature were minus 30 degrees with no wind. Wind chill values
near minus 25 degrees mean that frostbite is possible within 15

Frostbite is the freezing of skin and the body tissue just beneath
it. It first affects exposed body tissue where blood circulation may
be limited such as your fingers... toes... nose and ears. To
minimize frostbite... make sure all body parts are well covered.
When frostbite starts... feeling is lost in the affected area and the
frozen tissue will take on a white or pale appearance. If you
suspect you are experiencing frostbite... hold the frostbitten area
closely against warm skin to return blood flow and warmth to the
affected area.

Hypothermia is a dangerously low body temperature and is the most
common winter weather killer. When you hear of a
hiker... climber... hunter or a stranded traveler perishing from cold
weather exposure... hypothermia was the cause. Most people are
surprised to learn that hypothermia deaths can occur with
temperatures between 30 and 50 degrees. If you or your clothing are
wet... then hypothermia becomes even more likely.

Warning signs of hypothermia include uncontrollable
shivering... memory loss... disorientation... slurred speech and
drowsiness. Immediate medical attention should be given to victims
suspected of suffering from hypothermia. If no help is
available... the victim should be warmed slowly with warm liquids
along with dry clothing and blankets.

The National Weather Service will issue wind chill advisories and
warnings when a deadly combination of wind and cold air threaten.
To learn more about wind chill... visit the National Weather Service
internet site using lower case letters: weather.Gov/om/windchill.

When cold weather threatens... follow these tips for survival...

Stay dry... wet clothing results in much faster heat loss from your
body. Wear Waterproof insulated boots.

Stay covered... wear mittens or gloves and wear a hat. At least half
of your body heat is lost if your head is not covered.

Dress layered... trapped air between loose fitting clothing helps to

Stay informed... have a portable NOAA Weather Radio nearby to keep
you up-to-date with the latest forecasts and warnings. Use wind
chill temperatures to guide you in dressing properly for the
outdoors. On very cold days... minimize your exposure to the
outdoors if possible.

Weather Severe Map
Alabama - Public Information Statement
Alaska - High Surf Advisory
Arkansas - Flood Warning
California - Public Information Statement
Colorado - Public Information Statement
Connecticut - Flood Watch / Flood Statement , Wind Advisory , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Georgia - Public Information Statement
Guam - High Surf Advisory
Hawaii - Record Report
Idaho - Record Report
Indiana - Public Information Statement
Iowa - Public Information Statement
Kansas - Dense Fog Advisory , Public Information Statement
Kentucky - Record Report , Public Information Statement
Maine - Coastal Flood Advisory, Areal Flood Watch , Areal Flood Watch , Public Information Statement
Massachusetts - Areal Flood Warning , Areal Flood Warning , Flood Warning , Coastal Flood Advisory , Wind Advisory , Public Information Statement
Minnesota - Public Information Statement
Missouri - Public Information Statement
Montana - High Wind Watch
Nebraska - Dense Fog Advisory , Public Information Statement
New Hampshire - Areal Flood Warning , Areal Flood Watch , Coastal Flood Advisory, Areal Flood Watch , Wind Advisory , Public Information Statement
New Jersey - Record Report , Public Information Statement
New York - Flood Watch / Flood Statement , Record Report , Public Information Statement
North Carolina - Frost Advisory , Public Information Statement
North Dakota - Public Information Statement
Ohio - Public Information Statement
Oregon - Wind Advisory , Special Statement , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Rhode Island - Wind Advisory , Public Information Statement
South Carolina - Public Information Statement
South Dakota - Public Information Statement
Texas - Public Information Statement
Vermont - Flood Warning , Public Information Statement
Washington - Flood Warning , Special Statement , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Wisconsin - Public Information Statement
Wyoming - High Wind Watch

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